|On what day was our Savior resurrected?|
Correcting the Sunday myth!
Most believers seem to think that Yeshua (Jesus) was resurrected on a Sunday and attempt to use Luke 24:1-10 as proof and justification to change God’s seventh day Sabbath to the first day. But is this a huge mistake! Where and when did God ever tell us that Sunday is now HIS Sabbath? The answer lies indisputably in the Bible which, when viewed from a “Hebrew perspective”, tells us that Yeshua was resurrected at the end of the Sabbath; not early on a Sunday morning (the first day).
Man has debated the time of Messiah’s resurrection for the last two thousand years. Catholics and Christians have even based their Sunday worship on the mistaken assumption that “Jesus rose on a Sunday”. Rather than to view the Bible from God’s perspective and the clear Scriptures He provided, we have used our limited, human mindsets to lead us down the wrong path and come up with the wrong conclusions – which means our view of the Gospels is skewed.
In order to back up this very serious allegation, we will use hermeneutics: allowing Scripture to intepret Scripture:
Matthew 12: 39 But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall NO SIGN be given to it, butthe sign of the prophet Jonas:
Matthew 16: 4 A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall NO SIGN be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed.
What was the “sign of Jonas”?
Matthew 12: 40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
Matthew 12: 41 The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.
The SIGN for which we are searching is “Three days and three nights” (Luke 24:21) 72 hours from death/burial to resurrection of our Savior.
Matthew 16: 21 From that time forth began Jesus to show unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.
Matthew 17: 23 And they shall kill him, and the third day he shall be raised again. And they were exceeding sorry.
Matthew 20: 19 And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again.
(See also Matthew 27:64; Mark 9:31; Mark 10:34; Luke 9:22; Luke 13:32; Luke 18:33; Luke 24:7; Luke 24:46; Acts 10:40; and 1 Corinthians 15:4.)
A thorough study of the Bible reveals that Yeshua was in the grave three days and three nights, and it tells us that He died on Passover which was during the High Holy Days (14 Nisan [see Leviticus 23:5]). This article will show that He was in the grave just before sunset on Wednesday night, according to Scripture (John 19:31); all day Thursday and Thursday night; all day Friday and Friday night, and all day Saturday (as Jonah was in the whale three days and three nights) until just before sunset on Saturday when He was resurrected.
To begin with, in order to discern exactly when our Savior rose, it is important recognize a few things – beginning with the fact that the “dawning of a new day” according to YHWH is at twilight as it is getting dark; not first light in the morning!
(NOTE: According to Aramaic scholar and author Andrew Gabriel Roth, Aramaic literally reads “b’ramsha din b’shabata”, or “in the evening of the Shabbat”. The literal meaning of ramsha is “evening” or erev, but here it is used idiomatically. The dawn and set of the sun is not the only use; there is the “dawn of a new era” or as John 19:31 reads “mitil d’shabata negha”, “the Shabbat was dawning.” When we compare other verses that record this event, the time of the day being referred to is clearly more than half a day before literal dawn. In John chapter 19, when they put Y’shua into the tomb, they still refer to it as being “day”, both in Aramaic and Greek. The “dawn” metaphor “to begin” is confirmed in John 19:42. A more literal form, “mitil d’shabata aiala”, would be read as “the Sabbath was beginning/ entering/ coming about”. What is true for “dawning” is also true of “setting” in the sense of “conclusion”, as is meant here. This agrees with Greek version, Aramaic information in Matthew, and with other writers in the NT.)
Genesis 1: 5 God called the light “day,” and the darkness he called “night.” And there was evening, and there was morning-the first day.
We also need to note the time that Yeshua was placed into the grave, which was at sunset – or approximately 5 p.m. (March-April timeframe). No matter what the days are called on our modern calendars, there is no way that 72 hours beginning sometime in the evening can end early on the morning three days later – which is what most Christian scholars are trying to insist.
The Bible tells us that Yeshua died at 3 p.m. (the ninth hour – John 19:14); that He was buried later that day (John 19:31); and that He was in the grave “three days and three nights” (72 hours).
Matthew 27: 45 From the sixth hour until the ninth hour darkness came over all the land.
Matthew 27: 46 And about the ninth hour, Y’shua cried out with a loud voice and said, My El! My El! Why have you spared me?* (See also Mark 15:33-34 and Luke 23:44)
This being just before the High Holy Day, the Judeans wanted Him off the cross and in the grave before sundown so as not to desecrate the holiday, which meant He was in the grave at approximately 5 p.m. shortly after His crucifixion – which means that 72 hours later would also fall at approximately 5 p.m.! Here are the Scriptures to verify these facts:
John 19: 14 “Now it was the preparation day of the Passover, about the sixth hour.”
John 19: 31 It was preparation Day, and the Judeans did not want the bodies to remain on the stake on a Shabbat, since it was an especially important Shabbat. So they asked Pilar to have the legs broken and the bodies removed. (Sterns Complete Jewish Bible)
Now, many people think this Shabbat fell on a Friday (since God’s seven-day cycle begins at sundown on Friday evening). However, as we mentioned above, John 19:14 tells us it was not a regular Shabbat, but a High Holy Shabbat. Therefore, the Judeans wanted the bodies of Yeshua and the thieves off the crosses before sundown.
This means that Yeshua was placed in his grave before sunset that evening.
John 19: 41 In the vicinity of where he had been executed was a garden, and in the garden was a new tomb in which no one had ever been buried. 42 So, because it was Preparation Day for the Judeans, and because the tomb was close by, that is where they buried Yeshua. (Sterns Complete Jewish Bible)
The above Scripture shows that Yeshua was placed in the heart of the earth approximately 5:00 p.m., or before sunset on the day He died. Seventy-two hours must end at the time we start the counting – about 5:00 p.m., or before sunset, that night.
Even on the eve of His death, Messiah Yeshua kept and fulfilled the Passover: He died on Wednesday the 14th of Nisan, and He rose some time after 3:00 p.m. on the Sabbath exactly three days later, depending on when He was placed in the grave. The Sabbath is in commemoration of YHWH’s rest at creation (Genesis 2:2), and Yeshua’s rest after His redemption of mankind. The Sabbath is for a reminder of the sign (three days and three nights) of who Yeshua HaMashiyach (Jesus Christ) is: He the Lord of the Sabbath.
Now, exactly how do we know that He died on the 14th of Nisan and that, that particular 14th of Nisan fell on a Wednesday? Because the 14th of Nisan is the day on which YHWH declared that the Feast of Passover should be celebrated FOREVER (Leviticus 23; Exodus 12:14)! And because of a series of events that took place just prior to the crucifixion:
The following, borrowed from Derech Ministries, provides an indepth explanation:
How do we know He was resurrected BEFORE the weekly Sabbath (Saturday) ENDED?
Matthew 28: 1 In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.
(Some versions read: “After the Sabbath, at dawn on the first day of the week…. This still does not mean that Yeshua rose on a Sunday, because in “Old Testament” times (and according to the Hebrew calendar), a new day began at sundown – which is still at least six hours from our modern time table where a new day begins at midnight. The bottom line is that, by the time the two Mary’s arrived at Yeshua’s tomb just before or just after SUNSET, Yeshua was nowhere to be found!)
As shown above, the Scriptures – read in context – are abundantly clear as to when our Savior died; when He was buried; and when He was resurrected. He did not rise on Sunday, and He never said to change His Sabbath to the first day of the week. Therefore, there is no reason for the mainstream Christian church to adhere to the Sunday Sabbath tradition.
The bottom line is: Will we obey God, or follow the opinions and traditions of man?