The Midrash explains that the Jewish people are counted in nine places
in Scripture; the tenth and final census will be taken in the Messianic
This will be done either by Moshiach, according to the Aramaic
translation and commentary of Rabbi Yonatan ben Uziel, or by G-d
Himself, according to the Midrash.
(Lubavitcher Rebbe, Shabbat Parshat Chukat 5750)