The English word hope comes from the Old English ‘hopian’ which means to wish, expect or look forward to something.  It is related to the word ‘hop’ as in one who leaps for expectation.  This is related to the Hebrew word פסח ‘pasach’ which means to hop or limp.

Isaac Mozeson associates the etymology of hope with the hip.  In Hebrew this is the word כפוף ‘kaphoph’ which literally means to bow down.  This is pointing to the wrestling match between Jacob and the Man who touched his hip and caused him to hop/limp the rest of his days.

Gen 32:31  And the sun rose on him as he passed over Penuel, and he was limping on his thigh.
Gen 32:32  On account of this the sons of Israel do not eat the sinew of the thigh that is on the hip socket (כף) until this day, because He touched on Jacob’s hip socket, on the sinew of the thigh.

Psa 146:8  YHWH opens the eyes of the blind; YHWH raises those bowed down {כפוף}; YHWH loves the righteous;
Psa 145:14  YHWH upholds all who fall, and raises up all who are bowed down.

One of the Hebrew words translated as hope is סבר ‘savar’ and is the origin of the English  word suffer.

2Ti 2:12  if we endure (KJV suffer)*, we shall also reign with Him; if we deny Him, that One will deny us;
2Ti 2:13  if we are unfaithful, that One remains faithful; He is not able to deny Himself.

*the word translated endure here, is translated as suffer in the KJV
Thayer Definition:
1) to remain
1a) to tarry behind
2) to remain, i.e. abide, not recede or flee
2a) to preserve: under misfortunes and trials to hold fast to one’s faith in Christ
2b) to endure, bear bravely and calmly: ill treatments

1Co 13:7  Love quietly covers all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.

כפוף comes from the root כף which means the palm of the hand.

The Hebrew word for the branch of a palm tree is כפה ‘kapheh’ which comes from the root כף ‘kaph’ which means the palm of the hand.

The palm is a picture of the body of Messiah.

Lines drawn into the ‘hand’ of the Most High
Isa 49:15  Can a woman forget her suckling child, from pitying the son of her womb? Yes, these may forget, yet I will surely not forget you.
Isa 49:16  Behold, I have carved you on the palms of My hands; your walls are always before Me.
WALLS=Lines on Hands=12 Walls of Israel  (Revelation 21:12-27).  12 lines on the 4 fingers=12 tribes, 12 walls.

Going back to Genesis 32 and the connection to Jacob’s wrestlings is the Hebrew word צלע translated as ‘limp.’  This word is also translated as rib, as in the rib which YHWH took from Adam to form his wife.

Interestingly, this word is also connected to the number 5 (five fingers on the hand) through Adam as well.
Gen 2:21  And YHWH God caused a deep sleep to fall on the man, and he slept. And He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh underneath.
Gen 2:22  And YHWH God formed the rib which He had taken from the man into a woman, and brought her to the man.
Gen 2:23  And the man said, This now at last is bone from my bones, and flesh from my flesh. For this shall be called Woman, because this has been taken out of man.
Gen 2:24  Therefore, a man shall leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave to his wife and they shall become one flesh

Eph 5:30  For we are members of His body, of His flesh, and of His bones.
Eph 5:31  “For this, a man shall leave his father and mother, and shall be joined to his wife, and the two shall be one flesh.” Gen. 2:24
Eph 5:32  The mystery is great, but I speak as to Christ and as to the assembly.

The rib of Adam from whence his bride came out is linked to the number 5 which connects to the 5th day of creationclick here and life.

‘Chamesh’ is used to translate multiple terms in Hebrew.  It is used for the number five/fifty, the hand, to be armed and the side of the body (fifth rib).

The ‘fifth rib’
This word is used in the following verses:  2Samuel 2:23,3:27, 4:6, 20:10

Messiah was wounded in the side (‘the fifth rib’).
Joh 19:34  But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a lance, and at once blood and water came out.
This connects to another word for hope in Hebrew מקוה ‘miqvah’ which also means to baptise.

Isa 61:10  Rejoicing I will rejoice in YHWH. My soul shall be joyful in my God. For He clothed me with garments of salvation; He put on me the robe of righteousness, even as a bridegroom dons as a priest his head-dress, and as a bride wears her ornaments.
Isa 61:11  For as the earth comes out with her buds, and as a garden causes that which is sown to grow, so the Lord YHWH will make righteousness and praise to grow before all the nations.

The Hebrew word for grapevine גפן ‘gephen’ also comes from the root כף.  This is interesting to note at the Hebrew word for trust, בטח ‘batach,’ is speaking of clinging to a vine.

Another Hebrew word for hope is יחר ‘yachar’ which comes from the root חר which is speaking of the heat of the sun.  Here the meaning is one who waits until the cool of the day to leave the tent in order to avoid  the intense heate of the sun.

It is interesting to note that the ‘cool’ of the days is the רוח ‘ruach’ which means spirit.  The English word ‘aspire’ which means to hope, traces back to this concept.

Our Hope is Messiah Yahshua

1Ti 1:1  Paul an apostle of Jesus Christ according to a command of God our Savior, even the Lord Jesus Christ, our Hope,

Rom 15:12  And again Isaiah says, “The Root of Jesse shall be, and He rising up to rule the nations; on Him nations will hope.“ Isa. 11:10
Rom 15:13  And may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, for you to abound in hope, in power of the Holy Spirit.

Job 14:7  For there is hope of a tree, if it is cut down, that it will sprout again, and its shoot will not cease.
Job 14:8  Though its root becomes old in the earth, and its stump dies in the dust,
Job 14:9  at the scent of water it will bud and bring forth branches like a plant.
Job 14:10  But man dies and is cut off, and man expires; and where is he?
Job 14:11  As the waters go away from the sea, and a river wastes away and dries up,
Job 14:12  even so man lies down and does not rise until the heavens are no more, they shall not awake, nor be roused out of their sleep.
Job 14:13  Who will grant that You would hide me in Sheol; You would conceal me until Your anger turns back; that You would set a limit for me and remember me?
Job 14:14  If a man dies, will he revive? All the days of my warfare I will wait, until my change comes.
Job 14:15  You shall call, and I will answer You; You shall long to the work of Your hands.

The Word is our Hope

Psa 119:49  ZAYIN: Remember the Word to Your servant, on which You made me hope.
Psa 119:50  This is my comfort in my affliction; for Your Word has given me life.

Psa 119:81  KAPH: My soul is being consumed for Your salvation; I hope in Your Word.

Psa 119:114  You are my covert and my shield; I hope in Your Word.

Hope in His Name

Psa 52:9  I will thank You forever, because You have done it; and I will hope in Your name, for it is good before Your saints.

YHWH is our Hope

Psa 71:5  For You are my hope, O Lord YHWH, my trust from my youth.

Psa 146:1  Praise YHWH; praise YHWH, O my soul.
Psa 146:2  While I live I will praise 
YHWH; I will sing praises to my God while I have being.
Psa 146:3  Put not your trust in nobles, in a son of man, for there is no salvation in him.
Psa 146:4  His breath will go out, he returns to the earth; his thoughts perish in that day.
Psa 146:5  Blessed is he who has the God of Jacob in his help; his hope is on 
YHWH his God,
Psa 146:6  who made the heavens and the earth, the seas and all that is in them; who keeps truth forever;
Psa 146:7  who executes judgment for the oppressed; who gives food to the hungry; 
YHWH sets free the prisoners; (Matthew 11:5)
Psa 146:8 YHWH opens the eyes of the blind; YHWH raises those bowed down; YHWH loves the righteous;
Psa 146:9 
YHWH watches over the strangers; He relieves the orphan and the widow, but He warps the way of the wicked.
Psa 146:10 
YHWH shall reign forever, O Zion, your God from generation and generation. PraiseYHWH .

Psa 130:5  I wait for YHWH ; my soul waits, and I hope for His Word.
Psa 130:6  My soul waits for the Lord more than those watching for the morning.
Psa 130:7  Let Israel hope to 
YHWH , for with YHWH is mercy, and with Him is abundant redemption;
Psa 130:8  and He shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.

Lam 3:22  It is by the kindnesses of YHWH that we are not consumed, for His mercies are not ended.
Lam 3:23  They are new by mornings; great is Your faithfulness.
Lam 3:24 
YHWH is my portion, says my soul. On account of this I shall hope to Him.
Lam 3:25 
YHWH is good to those waiting on Him, to the soul seeking Him.
Lam 3:26  It is good that a man hopes for the salvation of 
YHWH , even in silence.

Jer 17:13  O YHWH , the Hope of Israel, all who forsake You shall be ashamed. Those who depart from Me shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken YHWH , the Fountain of living waters.
Jer 17:14  Heal me, O 
YHWH , and I will be healed; save me, and I will be saved; for You are my praise.

Jer 29:11  For I know the purposes which I am planning for you, says YHWH ; purposes of peace, and not for evil; to give you posterity and a hope.
Jer 29:12  Then you shall call on Me, and you shall go and pray to Me, and I will listen to you.
Jer 29:13  And you shall seek and find Me when you search for Me with all your heart.
Jer 29:14  And I will be found by you, says 
YHWH . And I will turn away your captivity, and I will gather you from all the nations, and from all the places where I have driven you, says YHWH . And I will bring you again into the place from which I sent you into exile, from there.

Isa 51:4  Hear Me, My people; yea, give ear to Me, My nation. For a law shall go out from Me, and My justice I will make rest as light to peoples.
Isa 51:5  My righteousness is near; My salvation went out; and My arms shall judge peoples; coastlands shall wait on Me, and they shall hope on My arm.
Isa 51:6  Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look to the earth beneath; for the heavens vanish like smoke, and the earth shall wear out like a garment; and those living in it shall die in the same way, but My salvation shall be forever, and My righteousness shall not be broken.
Isa 51:7  Hear Me, those knowing righteousness, the people of My Law in their heart; do not fear the reproach of man, and do not be bowed from their blasphemings.
Isa 51:8  For the moth shall eat them like a garment; yea, the moth worm shall eat them like wool. But My righteousness shall be forever, and My salvation shall be from generation to generation.
Isa 51:9  Awake! Awake! Arm of 
YHWH , put on strength. Awake, as in days of old, everlasting generations. Was it not You cutting in pieces Rahab, and piercing the sea monster?
Isa 51:10  Was it not You drying up the sea, the waters of the great deep, who set the depths of the sea a way for the redeemed to pass?
Isa 51:11  Yea, the ransomed of 
YHWH shall return and come to Zion with singing, and everlasting joy shall be on their head; gladness and joy shall overtake them; sorrow and sighing shall flee.
Isa 51:12  I, I am He comforting you. Who are you, that you should fear from man? He shall die! And from the son of man? He is given as grass.
Isa 51:13  And you forget your Maker 
YHWH , who has stretched out the heavens and founded the earth. And you dread continually, every day, from the fury of the oppressor, since he was ready to destroy. And where is the fury of the oppressor?
Isa 51:14  Bowed down, he hurries to be freed, that he not die in the pit, nor that he lack his bread.
Isa 51:15  But I am 
YHWH your God, stirring up the sea and making its waves roar; YHWH of Hosts is His name.
Isa 51:16  And I have put My Words in your mouth, and covered you in the shade of My hand, to plant the heavens and found the earth, and to say to Zion, You are My people.

Messiah revealed through us

Col 1:27  to whom God willed to make known what are the riches of the glory of this mystery among the nations, who is Christ in you, the hope of glory;
Col 1:28  whom we announce, warning every man and teaching every man in all wisdom, that we may present every man full-grown in Christ Jesus,
Col 1:29  for which also I labor, struggling according to the working of Him who works in me in power.

Hope is linked with the resurrection

Eze 37:11  Then He said to me, Son of man, these bones are all the house of Israel. Behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is perished; we are cut off to ourselves.
Eze 37:12  So prophesy and say to them, So says the Lord 
YHWH : Behold, I will open your graves and cause you to come up out of your graves, O My people, and I will bring you to the land of Israel.
Eze 37:13  And you shall know that I am 
YHWH when I have opened your graves and have brought you up out of your graves, O My people.
Eze 37:14  And I shall put My Spirit within you, and you shall live; and I will put you on your own land. And you shall know that I, 
YHWH , have spoken and have done it, says YHWH .

1Pe 1:3  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, He according to His great mercy having regenerated us to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

1Pe 1:18  knowing that not with corruptible things, silver or gold, were you redeemed from your worthless way of life handed down from your fathers,
1Pe 1:19  but with precious blood of Christ, as a lamb without blemish and without spot,
1Pe 1:20  indeed having been foreknown before the foundation of the world, but revealed in the last times because of you,
1Pe 1:21  the ones believing in God through Him, He raising Him from the dead, and giving glory to Him so that your faith and hope may be in God.
1Pe 1:22  Having purified your souls in the obedience of the truth through the Spirit to unpretended brotherly love, love one another fervently out of a pure heart,
1Pe 1:23  being regenerated, not by corruptible seed, but incorruptible, through the living Word of God, and remaining forever.
1Pe 1:24  Because “all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of men as the flower of grass; the grass was dried, and its flower fell out,
1Pe 1:25  but the Word of the Lord remains forever.” And this is the Word announced as gospel to you.
 Isaiah 40:6-8

Tit 1:1  Paul, a slave of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ according to the faith of the elect of God and full knowledge of the truth according to godliness,
Tit 1:2  on hope of eternal life which the God who does not lie promised before the eternal times,

Tit 3:5  not by works in righteousness which we had done, but according to His mercy, He saved us through the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit,
Tit 3:6  whom He poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ, our Savior;
Tit 3:7  that being justified by His grace, we should become heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

This hope will be fulfilled on the ’3rd day’ when Messiah appears and resurrects His people to rule and reign with Him

Tit 2:13  looking for the blessed hope and appearance of the glory of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ,
Tit 2:14  who gave Himself on our behalf, “that He might redeem us from all lawlessness and purify a special people for Himself,” zealous of good works. 
Psa. 130:8; Eze. 37:23; Deut. 14:2

Act 2:22  Men, Israelites, hear these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a Man from God, having been approved among you by works of power and wonders and miraculous signs, which God did through Him in your midst, as you yourselves also know,
Act 2:23  this One given to you by the before-determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you having taken by lawless hands, having crucified Him, you killed Him.
Act 2:24  But God raised Him up, loosing the throes of death, because it was not possible for Him to be held by it.
Act 2:25  For David said as to Him, “I always foresaw the Lord before Me, because He is at My right hand, that I not be moved.
Act 2:26  For this reason My heart rejoiced, and My tongue was glad; and My flesh also will dwell on hope,
Act 2:27  because You will not leave My soul in Hades, nor will You give Your Holy One to see corruption.
Act 2:28  You revealed to Me paths of life; You will fill Me with joy with Your face.”
 LXX-Psa. 15:8-11; MT-Psa. 16:8-11
Act 2:29  Men, brothers, it is permitted to say to you with plainness as to the patriarch David, that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is among us until this day.
Act 2:30  Being a prophet, then, and knowing that God swore with an oath to him that of the fruit of his loin, as concerning flesh, to raise the Christ to sit on his throne, 
see Psa. 132:11
Act 2:31  foreseeing, he spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, “that His soul was not left in Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption.”
 LXX-Psa. 15:10; Mt-Psa. 16:10
Act 2:32  This Jesus, God raised up, of which we all are witnesses.
Act 2:33  Then being exalted to the right of God, and receiving the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, He poured out this which you now see and hear.
Act 2:34  For David did not ascend into Heaven, but he says, “The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at My right hand
Act 2:35  until I place those hostile to You as a footstool for Your feet.” 
LXX-Psa. 109:1; MT-Psa. 110:1
Act 2:36  Then assuredly, let all the house of Israel acknowledge that God made Him both Lord and Christ, this same Jesus whom you crucified.
Act 2:37  And hearing, they were stabbed in the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, Men, brothers, What shall we do?
Act 2:38  And Peter said to them, Repent and be baptized, each of you on the name of Jesus Christ to remission of sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
Act 2:39  For the promise is to you and to your children, and to all those afar off, as many as the Lord our God shall call.

Act 23:6  But knowing that the one part consisted of Sadducees, and the other of Pharisees, Paul cried out in the sanhedrin, Men, brothers, I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees; I am being judged concerning hope and resurrection of the dead!

Act 24:14  But I confess this to you that according to the Way, which they say is a sect, so I worship the ancestral God believing all things according to that having been written in the Law and the Prophets,
Act 24:15  having hope toward God, which these themselves also admit, of a resurrection being about to be of the dead, both of just and unjust ones.

Resurrected sons of Elohim, in the Image of Messiah Yahshua

1Jn 3:2  Beloved, now we are the children of God, and it was not yet revealed what we shall be. But we know that if He is revealed, we shall be like Him, because we shall see Him as He is.
1Jn 3:3  And everyone having this hope on Him purifies himself even as that One is pure.

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