The Day of Trumpets (Yom Teruah)…sometimes called ‘the feast of which no man knows the day or the hour’

We saw earlier how the Head of the Year should be

declared when the first crescent sliver of the new moon

is physically sighted from the Land of Israel, after the

barley in the Land of Israel has become Aviv.

The declaration of the Head of the Year establishes the

timing of all the Spring Festivals, including Passover,

the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Wave Sheaf and

even the Pentecost. All of these festival dates can be

determined just as soon as the Head of the Year is

known. However, until the first crescent sliver of the

new moon of the seventh month has been physically

sighted the Fall Festival dates cannot be known,

because YHWH is ultimately in control of the weather.

The New Moon Day of the seventh month is called

‘Yom Teruah’ ( יוֹם תְּרוּעָה ). This is oftentimes translated

as the ‘Day of Trumpets’, although it actually translates

more like the ‘Day of Blowing,’ or the ‘Day of Shouting.’

Strong’s Concordance tells us that the word ‘Teruah’

תְּרוּעָה

) ) refers to an acclamation of joy, especially of

trumpets, and also as a cry of battle, or an alarm.

OT:8643 teruw`ah (ter-oo-aw’); from

OT:7321; clamor, i.e. acclamation of

joy or a battle-cry; especially clangor

of trumpets, as an alarum [sic]:

When we look up the reference to OT:7321, we find

that the idea is one of ‘splitting the ears’ with sound,

particularly with shouts of joy or alarm.

148

OT:7321 ruwa` (roo-ah’); a primitive

root; to mar (especially by breaking);

figuratively, to split the ears (with

sound), i.e. shout (for alarm or joy):

In this light, let us consider Numbers 10:8-9, which tells

us that whenever Israel went out to battle, the priests

would blow the silver trumpets ( חֲצֹצְרוֹת ), sounding an

alarm so that YHWH would remember Israel, and save

her from her enemies.

Numbers 10:8-9

8 The sons of Aharon, the

priests, shall blow the

trumpets; and these shall

be to you as an ordinance

forever throughout your

generations.

9 "When you go to war in

your land against the

enemy who oppresses

you, then you shall sound

an alarm with the

trumpets, and you will be

remembered before

YHWH your Elohim, and

you will be saved from

your enemies.

8) וּבְנֵי אַהֲרֹן הַכֹּהֲנִים )

יִתְקְעוּ בַּחֲצֹצְרוֹת

| וְהָיוּ

לָכֶם לְחֻקַּת עוֹלָם

לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם

:

9

) וְכִי תָבֹאוּ מִלְחָמָה )

בְּאַרְצְכֶם עַל הַצַּר

הַצֹּרֵר אֶתְכֶם וַהֲרֵעֹתֶם

בַּחֲצֹצְרוֹת

| וֲנִזְכַּרְתֶּם

הֵיכֶם 􀃏 לִפְנֵי יְהוָה אֱ

וְנוֹשַׁעְתֶּם מֵאֹיְבֵיכֶם

:

Israel was also commanded to blow the silver trumpets

in their appointed feasts, in the beginnings of their

months, over the sacrifices of their peace offerings and

in their ‘day of gladness.’ Scholars differ as to whether

this ‘day of gladness’ is a reference to the Sabbath, the

Feast of Tabernacles, or some other day.

Numbers 10:10

10 Also in the day of your

gladness, and in your

appointed feasts, and at

the beginning of your

months, you shall blow the

trumpets over your burnt

offerings and over the

sacrifices of your peace

offerings; and they shall

be a memorial for you

before your Elohim: I am

YHWH your Elohim.”

10 ) וּבְיוֹם שִׂמְחַתְכֶם )

וּבְמוֹעֲדֵיכֶם וּבְרָאשֵׁי

חָדְשֵׁיכֶם וּתְקַעְתֶּם

תֵיכֶם 􀃏 בַּחֲצֹצְרֹת עַל עֹ

וְעַל זִבְחֵי שַׁלְמֵיכֶם

|

וְהָיוּ לָכֶם לְזִכָּרוֹן לִפְנֵי

הֵיכֶם אֲנִי יְהוָה 􀃏 אֱ

הֵיכֶם 􀃏 אֱ

But if we are commanded to blow the silver trumpets at

the beginning of each of our months, then what makes

Yom Teruah any different from any other new moon

day? One thing that sets it apart is how Israel is not

supposed to work on that day, but is commanded to

have a set-apart day of rest.

Numbers 29:1

1 ‘And in the seventh

month, on the first day of

the month, you shall have

a set-apart gathering. You

shall do no customary

work. For you it is a day of

blowing.

1) וּבַחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִי )

בְּאֶחָד לַחֹדֶשׁ מִקְרָא

קֹדֶשׁ יִהְיֶה לָכֶם כָּל

א 􀃏 מְלֶאכֶת עֲבֹדָה

תַעֲשׂוּ

| יוֹם תְּרוּעָה

יִהְיֶה לָכֶם:

In the next five verses, YHWH prescribes the offerings

we are to bring Him on this day.

150

Bemidbar (Numbers) 29:2-6

2 You shall offer a burnt offering as a

sweet aroma to YHWH: one young

bull, one ram, and seven lambs in their

first year, without blemish.

3 Their grain offering shall be fine flour

mixed with oil: three-tenths of an

ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the

ram,

4 and one-tenth for each of the seven

lambs;

5 also one kid of the goats as a sin

offering, to make atonement for you;

6 besides the burnt offering with its

grain offering for the New Moon, the

regular burnt offering with its grain

offering, and their drink offerings,

according to their ordinance, as a

sweet aroma, an offering made by fire

to YHWH.

Some liken YHWH’s offerings to an outdoor barbecue,

and a barbecue always smells good to the human

nose. However, since YHWH is Spirit, could it be that

the reason He says these things are a ‘sweet aroma’ is

that it pleases Him whenever we willingly give up what

we want, in order to follow His word?

Leviticus 23 confirms that we are to observe Yom

Teruah as a set-apart memorial of blowing, and to bring

Him an offering made by fire.

Leviticus 23:23-25

23 Then YHWH spoke to

Moshe, saying,

23 ) וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֶל )

מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר

:

24 "Speak to the children

of Israel, saying: ‘In the

seventh month, on the first

day of the month, you

shall have a sabbath-rest,

a memorial of blowing (the

trumpets), a set-apart

gathering.

25 You shall do no

customary work on it; and

you shall offer an offering

made by fire to YHWH.’"

24

) דַּבֵּר אֶל בְּנֵי )

יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר |

בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִי

בְּאֶחָד לַחֹדֶשׁ יִהְיֶה

לָכֶם שַׁבָּתוֹן זִכְרוֹן

תְּרוּעָה מִקְרָא קֹדֶשׁ

:

25

) כָּל מְלֶאכֶת )

א תַעֲשׂוּ

| 􀃏 עֲבֹדָה

וְהִקְרַבְתֶּם אִשֶּׁה

לַיהוָה

But what is the deeper significance of Yom Teruah?

Yom Teruah is sometimes called ‘the feast of which no

man knows the day or the hour’ because, like the Head

of the Year, we cannot know in advance the day or the

hour it will begin. Rather, we must wait until YHWH

shows us the first crescent sliver of His new moon.

As we will see in the chapters that follow, Yeshua was

probably conceived during the Festival of Hanukkah,

and was likely born on the first day of the fall Feast of

Tabernacles. We have already seen that He was put

to death in fulfillment of the Passover, and that He also

fulfilled the Days of Unleavened Bread, the Omer, and

the Pentecost. In like fashion, many scholars believe

Yeshua will return in fulfillment of the Day of Trumpets,

because just as no man knows the day or the hour of

the Day of Trumpets before the first crescent sliver of

the new moon is physically seen, Yeshua tells us that

no man knows the day or the hour in which He will

physically return, either.

152

Mattai (Matthew) 24:29-32

29 "Immediately after the tribulation of

those days the sun will be darkened,

and the moon will not give its light; the

stars will fall from heaven, and the

powers of the heavens will be shaken.

30 Then the sign of the Son of Man will

appear in heaven, and then all the

tribes of the earth will mourn, and they

will see the Son of Man coming on the

clouds of heaven with power and great

glory.

31 And He will send His angels with a

great sound of a trumpet, and they will

gather together His elect from the four

winds, from one end of heaven to the

other.

32 "Now learn this parable from the fig

tree: When its branch has already

become tender and puts forth leaves,

you know that summer is near.

In the Parable of the Fig Tree, Yeshua seems to tell us

that we can know the general season of His return in

advance, yet we cannot know the exact time. This is in

the same way as we can know when the Fall Festival

Season approaches, but still we must wait for YHWH to

show us the first crescent sliver of the new moon.

Mattai (Matthew) 24:36-44

36 "But of that day and hour no one

knows, not even the angels of heaven,

but My Father only.

37 But as the days of Noah were, so

also will the coming of the Son of Man

be.

38 For as in the days before the flood,

they were eating and drinking,

marrying and giving in marriage, until

the day that Noah entered the ark,

39 and did not know until the flood

came and took them all away, so also

will the coming of the Son of Man be.

40 Then two men will be in the field:

one will be taken and the other left.

41 Two women will be grinding at the

mill: one will be taken and the other

left.

42 Watch therefore, for you do not

know what hour your Adon is coming.

43 But know this, that if the master of

the house had known what hour the

thief would come, he would have

watched and not allowed his house to

be broken into.

44 Therefore you also be ready, for the

Son of Man is coming at an hour you

do not expect.

We are to know the general time when the Son of Man

will appear, yet we cannot know the exact hour of His

appearance until He actually arrives. Therefore, we

are to be alert, wait, and watch.

Mattai (Matthew) 25:1-13

1 "Then the kingdom of heaven shall

be likened to ten virgins who took their

lamps and went out to meet the

bridegroom.

2 Now five of them were wise, and five

were foolish.

3 Those who were foolish took their

lamps and took no oil with them,

154

4 but the wise took oil in their vessels

with their lamps.

5 But while the bridegroom was

delayed, they all slumbered and slept.

6 "And at midnight a cry was heard:

‘Behold, the bridegroom is coming; go

out to meet him!’

7 Then all those virgins arose and

trimmed their lamps.

8 And the foolish said to the wise,

‘Give us some of your oil, for our

lamps are going out.’

9 But the wise answered, saying, ‘No,

lest there should not be enough for us

and you; but go rather to those who

sell, and buy for yourselves.’

10 And while they went to buy, the

bridegroom came, and those who were

ready went in with him to the wedding;

and the door was shut.

11 "Afterward the other virgins came

also, saying, ‘Master! Master! Open to

us!’

12 But he answered and said,

‘Assuredly, I say to you, I do not know

you.’

13 "Watch therefore, for you know

neither the day nor the hour in which

the Son of Man is coming.

Judaism teaches that the ten days beginning with Yom

Teruah and ending with Yom Kippur (the Day of

Atonement) are called the ‘Ten Days of Awe.’ The last

service on Yom Kippur is called ‘Neilah’, which means,

literally, ‘locked’, the concept being that YHWH locks

the doors of heaven against us at that time, if we have

not already repented and entered into His kingdom.

Qorintim Aleph (1st Cor.) 15:50-52

50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh

and blood cannot inherit the kingdom

of Elohim; nor does corruption inherit

incorruption.

51 Behold, I tell you a mystery: We

shall not all sleep, but we shall all be

changed —

52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an

eye, at the last trumpet. For the

trumpet will sound, and the dead will

be raised incorruptible, and we shall

be changed.

Many scholars believe that this passage in First

Corinthians implies that Yeshua will return on Yom

Teruah, since we will be changed at His coming, which

will occur at the last trumpet.

Trumpets are also mentioned many other places in

Scripture, and trumpets are usually associated with

judgment and the final redemption. This is consistent

with the theme of the Fall Feasts in general.

While there are many rabbinical traditions associated

with Yom Teruah, many of them contradict Scripture. It

is not our purpose to detail those rabbinical traditions

here, but one of these rabbinical customs has become

recorded in Scripture, and therefore we need to discuss

it.

Another term for the Head of Months is the Head of the

Year, and in Hebrew, the term for the Head of the Year

is ‘Rosh Hashanah.’ As we saw earlier, YHWH tells us

that Rosh Hashanah begins on the first day of the first

month.

156

Shemote (Exodus) 12:2

2 "This month is the head of months

for you; it is the first month of the year

to you.”

The rabbis, however, have developed a ruling that

Rosh Hashanah should be celebrated not on the first

day of the first month, but on the first two days of the

seventh month. The development of this tradition is

complex, and it is not our purpose to detail it here, but it

seems this rabbinical custom may have already been in

place by the end of the Babylonian Exile, as evidenced

by the fact that Ezra held a set-apart assembly on the

first two days of the seventh month.

Nehemiah 8:2-3 shows us how Ezra assembled the

people on the first day of the seventh month.

Nehemiah 8:2-3

2 So Ezra the priest brought the Torah

before the assembly of men and

women and all who could hear with

understanding on the first day of the

seventh month.

3 Then he read from it in the open

square that was in front of the Water

Gate from morning until midday,

before the men and women and those

who could understand; and the ears of

all the people were attentive to the

Book of the Torah.

Then Nehemiah 8:13 shows us how Ezra led a second

day of set-apart assembly on the second day of the

seventh month. 

Nehemiah 8:13

13 Now on the second day the heads

of the fathers’ houses of all the people,

with the priests and Levites, were

gathered to Ezra the scribe, in order to

understand the words of the Torah.

The rabbis today celebrate Rosh Hashanah on the first

two days of the seventh month, identical with how Ezra

the priest did so.

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