|Ms. Nero’s Article Continues||My Response|
Rituals are religious expressions of an outward sign of what is “supposed” to be going-on [sic] inside the congregants. This is operating in the flesh and not the Holy Spirit. [sic] Rituals stir up the emotions and that [sic] also is not “Spirit.” Rituals make you “feel” like you’re holy, and that’s not the Holy Spirit either.
Sacrificial offerings under the Old Covenant were ritualistic and as they were nailed to the cross with Jesus, so were the rest of the rituals in Judaism. When the Levitical Priesthood went – so went the rituals. The only sacrifice G-d accepts before Him is “self” – not burnt upon an altar, but “self” in a broken and surrendered spirit. Physical sacrifice went to the grave when Jesus did, and thus resurrected into existence were “spiritual sacrifices.” [sic]
Given that Jews see these Messianic Jews as no longer Jews, one of the ways these so-called Messianic Jews prove to Judaism that they are yet Jews, but are now “Completed Jews” is that, in their services they still hold on to repetitious prayers when the Word of G-d says that these kinds of prayers are what pagans use and they get nowhere. In their services, they parade around with the Torah Scroll, which is nothing more than “show.” These are rituals, and these rituals are works – they are superficial, and the Holy Spirit is not there. Just like there is no need to carry a big Bible everywhere to show that you are a Christian, there is no need to parade the Torah around. The Word of G-d tells you that the Word is in you, on the fleshly tables of your heart (should be). Yes, Christianity has its roots in Judaism, but Christianity is a new thing – it’s different, and the rituals are out and the Holy Spirit is in.
In so doing, the Messianic Jewish Movement makes the Word of G-d of non-effect because of their hold onto Synagogue tradition. They hold tightly so that they will not be mistaken for Christians and thus cast aside as non-Jews. These Messianic Jews would much rather not transgress the traditions of Judaism than be labeled a non-Jew, even at the risk of missing out on the kingdom of G-d coming near them. What a pity! All for the sake of being identified outwardly as a Jew.
Any member of any church of any denomination, please answer these questions as honestly as you can:
Can you set your watch by the “order of service” in your church? What time does the service start? Does your choir have a processional and/or recessional? Do all of your Deacons sit together on the front pew before the offering is taken? How many songs are sung before (or after) the opening prayer? How many are sung between the opening prayer and the Scripture reading? How many between the Scripture Reading and the Lord’s Table and/or offering? How many between the offering/Lord’s Table and the sermon? How many repetitions of “Just As I Am” are recited at the “Altar Call”?
Does your pastor/minister/priest wear a business suit or some form of ecclesiastical garb? A collar? A robe? A hassock? A stole? Other vestments? A cross lapel pin? Does your choir wear robes? Do you wear “Christian” jewelry such as a cross necklace or a WWJD bracelet? Do you have a fish emblem on the bumper of your car?
How often does your congregation observe the Lord’s Supper? Weekly? Monthly? Quarterly? Annually? Only on Passover? Does your congregation or denomination follow a particular pattern or sequence in your Scripture readings from week to week? Does your congregation or denomination follow a particular ecclesiastical calendar [Christmas, Lent, Easter, Pentecost]?
Does your congregation meet on Sunday for Worship, when the Bible clearly teaches over and over again that the day that G-d established for His people to worship Him was the seventh day? The only reason that your church meets on the “Sun’s day” instead of on the Sabbath (Saturday) is because the Roman Emperor Constantine (the first apostate Catholic Pope) in the third century decreed that “Christians” were required to worship on the day set aside for worship of the Roman sun G-d and only a handful have ever dared stand against that decree. Do you observe the pagan fertility festival of Ishtar during Passover season? Do you celebrate the birthday of “Jesus” on December 25, when He was actually born during the autumn feast of Succot?
Does your congregation recite “the Lord’s Prayer,” the “Apostles’ Creed,” or a particular psalm on a regular basis? Does your order of service include regular “responsive readings” from the back of your hymnal?
Do you respect the Book that contains the Word of G-d, or is it just another bunch of paper with a leather cover?
What does your congregation believe is the “proper formula” to be recited as a new believer is being baptized?
The only difference between your “ritual” and Messianic “ritual” is that you are familiar with your form of worship and unfamiliar with Messianic worship.
|Ms. Nero’s Article Continues||My Response|
Farewell, Gentile Christian Terms
Those in the Messianic Jewish Movement want their worship and evangelization to be more Jewish than their counterpart, “Gentile Christians.” They emphasize using original Hebrew Terms such as …
There you have it. The MJM has “just gotta be different”! They cannot be deprived of Judaism, even though the New Testament is in Greek and not Hebrew which [sic] is sending a message about the difference between the Old and the New.
If Ruach HaKodesh (the Holy Spirit) inspired the writers of the Bible to use very specific words, where does Ms. Nero get off thinking that English words that are understood only within the boundaries of the British Empire (and that are not even correct translations of the original words) are superior to the original Spirit-inspired words? She would set her own opinions and traditions over the inspiration of Ruach HaKodesh! So who is the true apostate? The one who clings tenaciously to false human tradition, or the one who seeks and strives for “the restoration of all things spoken of by the prophets”? And why in the world does Ms. Nero assume that all Christians of all nationalities must use only the English terms that she uses (for instance, her instance that all Believers in Messiah must either refer to themselves by the Anglicized Geek word “Christians” or deny the Messiah and be branded as heretics, regardless of their native language )? She is either totally ignorant of the fact that not everyone in the world speaks English, or she is only interested in “Jew-bashing!”
 The terms “God” and “Lord” are titles, not names, for the Holy One of Israel, and not all Messianic Jews use the hyphenated forms. Those forms are used mostly by Messianic Orthodox Jews who used those forms long before coming to Messiah, and by those who do not wish to place yet another “stumbling block” in the path of those Rabbinic Jews who have not yet come to know Yeshua as HaMashiach.
 “Jesus Christ” is not Messiah’s name; it never was, and it will never be. It is grammatically impossible to say the word “Jesus” in either Hebrew or Aramaic. He is a Jew with a Hebrew name, Yeshua. If I know that your name is “George,” just where do I get off calling you “Fred” just because I like that name better than your real name? And why is it that the Bible is the only book in all the world that attempts to “translate” names? If a book is written in Spanish about a man named Juan Rodriguez, and the book is then translated into English, no attempt is made to “translate” his name as “John Rogers.” The only reason that “Yeshua” is translated as “Jesus” and that the name of his brother Ya’akov is translated as “James” is because of the anti-Semitic translators who resented the fact Yeshua and Ya’akov were both Jews! If it were ever the intent of the translators to actually translate their names into English, they would have been translated as “Salvation” and “Heel Holder” or “Supplanter” respectively! Ditto for the names Yohanan (“Yawheh Has Graced”), Miriam (“Rebellion”), and Sha’ul (“Desired”)!
 Properly understood, the collection of documents that is called the “New Testament” by Gentile Christians is neither “new” nor a “testament.” It is actually a collection of Ruach HaKodesh-inspired pastoral commentaries that were written to teach Believers in Messiah how to “rightly divide the Word of Truth” — that is, how to properly interpret the Tanakh, or the Hebrew Bible — the only “Scriptures” that the “Apostles” knew anything about! The terms “Old Testament” and “New Testament” were specifically designed by an anti-Semitic Roman cult to make people believe exactly what Ms. Nero has been deceived into believing, that the “old” thing is no longer valid and has been replaced by the “new” one.
The so-called “New Testament” was very probably originally written in Hebrew by Hebrew-speaking Jews, and then immediately copied into Koine (common, or everyday) Greek [Koine Greek is to Classical Greek as American English is to British English] for distribution to the various Messianic Communities because Greek was the lingua franca of the Greek and Roman empires, and could therefore be understood by every educated person in the world (both Jewish and non-Jewish) without need of translation or interpretation. It had absolutely nothing whatsoever to do with any alleged “difference between the Old and the New.”
Additionally, Hebrew is now the universal language understood by almost all Jews everywhere in the world. Does it not only make sense for Jews to communicate with each other in a language that works both inside and outside of the boundaries of the British Empire?
 Rhach HaKodesh is not unique to the “New Testament.” He has been around since Genesis 1:2 which, according to Ms. Nero, occurred 6,000 years ago. In addition to being the active Agent in creation, He is also the one who gave all the prophets their prophetic sight. Since He has been called Ruach HaKodesh for at least 6,000 years (on Ms. Nero’s calendar), why does she find it necessary to change His name?
 “Baptism” and “baptize” are not English words at all; they are transliterations of the two Greek words that should accurately be translated as “immersion” and “immerse,” respectively. Like many other Greek terms in the Apostolic Writings, they were deliberately mis-“translated” to allow for the establishment of sprinkling and pouring as alternatives to the immersion of new Believers in Messiah, and is the source of much doctrinal error. The Hebrew term mikvah has been understood for about 4,000 years to signify complete immersion in “living water,” and is therefore a much more accurate term.
 As pointed out above ad nausium, there is simply no linguistic support for translating the word word ekklesia (ekklesia) as “church. In fact, Spanish-speaking Christians us a transliteration of ekklesia (eglasia) instead of the word “church.”
 The term “reverend” is simply not a biblical term at all, but speaks of one who wishes to be “revered” or “worshipped” because of his “elevated position” above the common Believer. The word “pastor” is a somewhat inaccurate translation of the Greek word for “herdsman” or “shepherd.” The Hebrew word rabbi simply means “teacher.” Within most Messianic Jewish congregations, the congregation leader is referred to as a Messianic Rabbi if he is Jewish, and as a Messianic Pastor if he is non-Jewish. It is a simple recognition by those who are “grafted in” that the faith and practice of Yeshua and the Shliachim (Apostles) is, and has always rightfully been, Jewish in nature.
|Ms. Nero’s Article Continues||My Response|
The rituals that the Messianic Jews are tenaciously clinging to as their Judaic roots are not at all what our Lord Jesus Christ held fast to. The reason Jesus didn’t adhere to Judaism as it was practiced leading up to and during His time was because it was polluted. The Jews, at that time, were in a state of depravity. They were now divided into Pharisees and Sadducees with the Pharisees being the majority and the most powerful sect. 
“By adding to the written law a mass of absurd or frivolous traditions, which, as they [Pharisees] foolishly alleged, were handed down from Moses, they subverted the authority of the sacred record; and changed the religion of the patriarchs and prophets into a wearisome parade of superstitious observances” (The Ancient Church: Its History, Doctrine, Worship, And Constitution, Traced For The First Three Hundred Years by W.D. Killen. Anson D.F. Randolph & Company, New York, pp 6-7, 1883). 
It is these traditions [sic] that Messianic Judaism continues to observe as a sign [sic] of them still being Jews or completed Jews. They want the very stuff that Jesus abandoned just so long as no one calls them “Christian.”
Church, Jew and non-Jew alike, you are
“…born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of G-d, which liveth and abideth for ever (1Peter 1:23).
BORN AGAIN and MADE AN HOLY NATION sounds like a new name to me, and don’t you ever let any one humiliate you by calling you a Gentile Christian or a Messianic Jew. Yes, Satan has tainted the name Christian for 2,000-plus years, that’s his job. But, a True Christian is known by his fruit and is not ashamed of who he is in Christ Jesus. Satan is also guilty of having blurred the spiritual vision of the non-Jewish Believers by leading them to leave out much of what G-d intended them to do, and on the other hand, the Messianic Jewish Movement, he [sic] leads them to leave in The Church, much of what G-d intended them to not do. It’s satanic trickery on both hands – the gates of hell attempting to prevail against the True Church of Jesus Christ, and you all have been so accommodating.
In the infancy of The Church, wherever the Believers in Jesus Christ went, their topic of conversation was of Jesus. [sic]
“They delighted to tell of His mighty miracles, of His holy life, of the extraordinary circumstances which accompanied His death, and of His resurrection and ascension. Out of the fullness of their hearts they discoursed of His condescension and His meekness, of His wonderful wisdom, of His sublime theology, and of His unutterable love to a world lying in wickedness. When they prayed, they prayed to Christ; when they sang, they sang to Christ; when they preached, they preached Christ. Well then might the heathen multitude agree with one voice to call them Christians” (Ibid. p 57).
That is why we are Christians. Why would one professing to believe Jesus as their Messiah want to be looked upon as a Messianic Jew because his or her Jewishness is more important than who he or she is in Christ? Messianic Judaism is apostasy! It’s schism! Just to prove that they are still Jews and be accepted by those practicing Judaism, Messianic Judaism is no better than the Pharisees of Jesus’ day who were all about outward appearance. [sic]
“…hypocrites! For ye are like unto whited sepulchers, which indeed appear beautiful outward but are within full of dead men’s bones, and of all uncleanness….ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity” (Matthew 23:27-28).
In view of the fact that you have placed yourselves above being called Christians, you are denying Christ even though He prayed that all His people might be one.
Jesus prayed for unity/oneness in His Body – His Church. For the reason that He is immutable, why would He, after His death, say, “Oh, I changed my mind since Jewish Believers should maintain their Jewish heritage and identify [sic]. They are going to have to stand apart from the non-Jews so that they are Completed Jews.” No, Jesus didn’t say that. He didn’t tell the Jews that in their walk with Him they must keep their Jewishness because when any of us walk with Him, we are new creatures, meaning He and His ways are first and far most [sic] above traditions, rituals, and cultures. It’s Jesus – not the “nesses”. The “nesses” are outside The Church with the exceptions of, maybe, music and one’s native tongue. (All music must be pure for G-d.) [sic]
Believers, the Bride of Christ – Jew or non-Jew, should be totally immersed in The Church of Jesus Christ. There is no alternative and never has been that can label itself as being of G-d. All in The Body of Christ should identify with Him, His Gospel, and let go of the rest. As Believers in Jesus Christ, our historical identity is Jesus and His Gospel, and nothing else. Not even Judaism. It is far more important to remain a Believer in Christ – a Christian, than it is to remain a Jew, or anything else. Messianic congregations are not G-d-made, but are man-made – by some “wanna-bes” – wanting to be special or a notch above other Christians. The Messianic Jewish movement is not of G-d.
Jesus is “JESUS” and what difference does it make how He is seen (Jewish picture or non-Jewish picture) [sic]. What is utmost important [sic] is that you follow HIM, and Him alone, not your “ness,” traditions, rituals, and cultures.
There is equity [sic] in following Jesus Christ. Thank G-d, no one in Christianity is esteemed above another. Jewish Believers are not esteemed above non-Jewish Believers. Remember, Matthew 8 where Jesus marveled at the faith of the Roman centurion and He said …
“…many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness…” (Matthew 8:11-12).
The kingdom of heaven (www.scarlet-to-snow.com/ info23.htm) is “now” for all who have faith, and for Jesus to say many from all over will “sit down” (in faith) with the patriarchal fathers of faith shows that no one group of Believers in Jesus is esteemed above another. It’s about faith, and when one has complete faith in G-d, that one has true love for Him, which is all He wants from any and all of us.
It is not the intent of this Apostate Alert to discourage MJM from wanting to identify with the Hebrew people, but it is intended to discourage you from clinging to Judaism as a way of being identified as a Hebrew. Go ahead, be involved in the Jewish community, if they will allow you to « support Israel, we all should « practice Saturday Sabbath, we all should « celebrate the yearly feast days, we all should « have your traditional Jewish weddings « have your Bar Mitzvahs « play your Jewish Music to The Lord with its unique sound. [sic] Great! Go ahead, do all of that. But, when it comes to Messiah Jesus, your salvation and The Church, remember, The Church of Jesus Christ is a “new thing” and it’s not about Judaism and its rituals and it’s not about anyone’s culture. Thus, leave out of The Church your …
 Again Ms. Nero demonstrates her abysmal lack of knowledge of either the Scriptures or of secular history. Yeshua was born, lived, and died as a Torah-observant Jew, accepting and observing all those things that were written in the Scriptures by the prophets, who were verbally inspired by His Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit). If Yeshua is G-d, and the Holy Spirit is His Holy Spirit, and the Holy Spirit inspired every “jot [yod] and tittle” of the Scriptures as He taught, then He would have been a hypocrite had He Himself failed to follow the very mitzvot [commandments] that He Himself wrote in stone with His own finger on Sinai and that He gave to Moshe [Moses] when He met with him “face to face, as a man speaks to his friend.”
What Ms. Nero either doesn’t know because she has failed to do her homework, or fails to admit out of dishonesty, is that neither Yeshua, nor the Shliachim, nor most adherents of Messianic Judaism accept the oral (Rabbinic) tradition as binding on their lives, only those mitzvot (commandments) that appear in the Scriptures. She obviously has no idea what “rituals” are used in Messianic Jewish worship.
Judaism of the Second Temple Period was in almost exactly the same state that “Gentile Christianity” finds itself in today, though it was not nearly as fragmented as Christianity is. There were five major “denominations” or so-called “parties” within Judaism at that time: the Pharisees, the Sadducees, the Essenes, the Zealots, and the Messianics.
The Pharisees were the theological conservatives, and through their sub-division of Scribes were directly responsible for maintaining the faithful transmission of the Scriptures that we enjoy today. They would be the theological counterparts of most of today’s Baptists.
The Sadducees were the liberals, mostly political appointees to the priesthood, who were only concerned with the proper “form” of worship and with retaining their cushy “clergy” positions. Since they categorically rejected all things supernatural, they naturally rejected a supernatural G-d who provided supernatural revelation. Theologically they would be more like today’s “high-church” Episcopalians, Lutherans, Catholics, and those “God is dead” philosophers who for some strange reason want to cling to the title “Christian.” If they were alive today, they would be those who produce “religious” documentaries for PBS and The History Channel.
The Essenes were the separatists, like the Catholic monastic orders, who were almost all gathered together at the Qumran community where they spent their lives in prayer, meditation, ritual bathing, and copying the scrolls that we have recently received as the “Dead Sea Scrolls.”
The Zealots were the religious/political activists similar to the modern religious ultra-right, except they advocated and actively promoted the violent overthrow of their political oppressors, like the “Branch Davidians” and those other self-called “Christian activists” who bomb abortion clinics.
The Messianics were the many tens of thousands of Jews who made up the true “faithful remnant” from all four parties, who were earnestly watching for Messiah, and who and recognized him immediately upon hearing of His resurrection. Just as is true in the “organized church” today, only a small portion of the “organized synagogue” were redeemed by faith as was their father Avraham.
When Jerusalem fell in 70 CE, the Temple was destroyed so there was no further function for the Sadducees, the Zealots were all killed, captured, or dispersed, and the Qumran community was overrun and destroyed, leaving only the Pharisees and Messianics The Pharisees and Messianics maintained fellowship in the Synagogue until the Bar-Kokhba Revolt in 132-135 CE. At that time Rabbi Akiva declared that all who failed to recognize Shimon Bar-Kokhba as the Messiah were heretics, which resulted in all true Messianic Believers being put out of Synagogue fellowship.
From 135 until 324, Pharisaical Judaism and Messianic Judaism went their separate ways. Pharisaical Judaism gradually evolved into today’s Rabbinical Judaism, and Messianic Judaism absorbed an ever-increasing number of Gentile Believers, until the Jewish Believers became a relatively small minority within what was still considered a “sect” of Judaism. Up until the establishment of the Roman State Religion in 324, the synagogue remained the only existing “form” or “model” for both Messianic and non-Messianic Judaism. In 324, Emperor Constantine ascended to the Roman throne and immediately established his total control over both the religious and civil life of the Roman Empire by creating the blend of Messianic Judaism and Babylonian Paganism that became “the church” at the Council of Nicea in 325. Following the Council of Nicea, from which all the Jewish Elders were specifically “uninvited,” all members of the new Roman Church, which de facto included all citizens of the Empire, were given the choice of renouncing all traces of their Jewish heritage or being put to death. And until the rebirth of Messianic Judaism in 1967, that remained just about the only choice for Jews who accepted Yeshua as their Messiah — convert to Ms. Nero’s form of “Christianity” and renounce all Jewish heritage, or renounce Messiah and be permitted to remain in the Jewish community.
 This statement is exactly the kind of patently false, venomous, and inflammatory anti-Semitic rhetoric that Martin Luther and Adolph Hitler spewed to stir up the masses against the Jewish people.
It is quite interesting that Ms. Nero should take this promise that was as part of the eternal covenant that G-d made with Israel and try to apply it to the Gentile “church.” She is a thief and usurper, who would steal for himself that which belongs to others.
“In the third month after the children of Yisra’el [Israel] had gone forth out of the land of Egypt, on that same day they came into the wilderness of Sinai. When they had departed from Refidim, and had come to the wilderness of Sinai, they encamped in the wilderness; and there Yisra’el encamped before the mountain. Moshe [Moses] went up to G-d, and ADONAI [the pre-incarnate Yeshua] called to him out of the mountain, saying, ‘This is what you shall tell the house of Ya’akov [Jacob], and tell the children of Yisra’el [Israel]: “You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings, and brought you to myself. Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice, and keep my covenant, then you [Israel, not the gentile church] shall be my own possession from among all peoples; for all the earth is mine; and you [Israel] shall be to me a kingdom of kohanim [priests], and a holy nation.” These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Yisra’el.’” (Exodus 19:1-6 HNV)
The Torah is the Hebrew Bible! For G-d’s sake, we can’t allow anyone to carry a Bible to church [unless, of course, it’s a great big King Jimmy, also known as the A.V. (Abominable Version) due to is grossly inaccurate and anti-Semitic translation]! They might actually read it and find what liars and hypocrites men who teach this garbage really are! That’s why Catholics were forbidden to read the Bible until the 13th century.
The “Jesus” that Ms. Nero portrays simply never existed! He is a “false messiah” created by Gentile revisionist historians to “prove” the superiority of Gentiles over Jews. He bears extremely little, if any, resemblance to Rabbi Yeshua ben Yosef who appears in the pages of the Bible as Adonai Melech haMashiach, the Son of G-d, Israel’s Messiah and Savior of the World, Who will soon return in glory to reign over the world from his throne in Jerusalem. Maranata!
The “real Jesus” of history and of the Bible (as has already been pointed out) was a Jewish rabbi named Yeshua ben Yosef. Nobody who knew Him in the flesh ever called him “Jesus,” for that was simply not His name. He was born, lived, and died as a Torah-observant Jew, worshipping in either the Temple or the synagogue nearly every Shabbat of His life. He personally practiced in His daily life exactly those things that Ms. Nero finds so repulsive, and He taught his Talmidim (Disciples) and Shliachim (Apostles) to obey and practice those things as well. Anybody who so thoroughly hates the Judaism that was practiced by Yeshua and His Talmidim and Shliachim, must of necessity hate those who practiced it!
In fact, Ms. Nero’s entire article demonstrates either that she is totally ignorant of Who the Yeshua of the Bible is, or that she hates the Yeshua of the Bible because He was a Torah-observant Jew. If you love only the “Gentile Jesus” that Ms. Nero portrays, then you simply are not seeing the Son of G-d Who appears on the pages of Scripture and Who lives within the hearts of the true Believers in Mashiach.
I can only wonder if it is mere coincidence that it was another person named Nero who went down in history as one of the most violent persecutors of the followers of Messiah Yeshua. Adolph Hitler, like Ms. Nero, also claimed to be a Christian, and apparently hated Jews almost as much as Ms. Nero does. Some day both will stand before the King of the Jews, and will have to answer for their hatred of “the apple of G-d’s eye.”
How is it possible for a person who claims to be a “true Christian” to so intensely hate all Jews and all things Jewish, while pretending to love and to follow the King of the Jews?
It is people exactly like Ms. Nero who have made it so profoundly difficult for those Jews whom they persecute to be open to receiving the Gospel. Why would any Jew ever want to hear anything about the “Jesus Christ” whose “followers” like Ms. Nero are directly responsible for the persecution and death of multiplied millions of Jews over the past 1,700 years? The blood of those Jews who have died without HaMashiach will be upon the heads of those who through their hatred of the Jews have kept from them the true Gospel of Yeshua!
Yeshua commanded His followers to love even their enemies (Mattityahu 5:44). Therefore, any person who hates or persecutes Jews is not a “Christian” at all. He or she is a pagan, an unbeliever who only calls himself or herself “Christian” and who actually hates and persecutes Yeshua Himself (Mattityahu 25:31-45). “In as much as you have done it to the least of these, My brothers [the Jews], you have done it to Me.”
As for Ms. Nero and those like her who so despise the Jews while claiming to be “teachers of righteousness,” hear what the Shiliach Kefa (the Apostle Peter) says about them:
But there also arose false prophets among the people, as among you also there will be false teachers, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, denying even the Master who bought them, bringing on themselves swift destruction. Many will follow their destructive ways, and as a result, the way of the truth will be maligned. In covetousness will they exploit you with deceptive words: whose sentence now from of old doesn’t linger, and their destruction will not slumber. … Daring, self-willed, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignitaries; whereas angels, though greater in might and power, don’t bring a railing judgment against them before the Lord. But these, as creatures without reason, born mere animals to be taken and destroyed, speaking evil in matters about which they are ignorant, will in their destroying surely be destroyed, receiving the wages of unrighteousness; … reveling in their deceit while they feast with you; … children of cursing; forsaking the right way, they went astray, having followed the way of Bil`am the son of Be’or, who loved the wages of wrong-doing; … These are wells without water, clouds driven by a storm; for whom the blackness of darkness has been reserved forever. For, uttering great swelling words of emptiness, they entice in the lusts of the flesh, … they themselves are bondservants of corruption; … But it has happened to them according to the true proverb, “The dog turns to his own vomit again,” and “the sow that had washed to wallowing in the mire.” (2 Peter 2)