If indeed Yeshua also carries the family name of “YHWH,”[20] then the Divinity of Yeshua is firmly established. However, the concept of co-equality goes beyond Scripture, and is in fact, anti-Scriptural. Yeshua clearly states in John 14:28 that “the Father is greater than I.” Earlier on, in John 5:18, Yeshua was falsely accused of “making himself equal with God.” Just one verse later, in defense against this false accusation, He replied, “Verily, verily, I say unto you, the Son can do nothing of himself, but what he sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, these things the Son does in like manner.” In verse 30, He said, “I can do nothing on my own initiative. As I hear, I judge, and my judgment is just, because I seek not my own will, but the will of the Father which has sent Me.”

     Rav Shaul (Paul) writes, “Messiah is the head of every man, and man is the head of a woman, and YHWH is the head of Messiah.”[21] In Philippians 2:5-8, we read, “Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Messiah Yeshua, who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God as a thing to be grasped, but emptied himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men. And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled himself, becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on the cross.” At no point does Yeshua claim equality with the Father.

     It should also be noted that it Yeshua often prayed to the Father, as can be seen in numerous examples in Scripture. However, there are no references of the Father “praying” to His Son. The mere concept of the Father praying to Yeshua is absurd. Meanwhile, the prayers of Yeshua recorded in Scripture again demonstrate His complete submission to the Father’s will. In Mathew 26:42, He prays, “O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, Thy will be done.” In this prayer, Yeshua agreed to suffer the agony set before Him for our salvation.


Yochanan wrote: “No man has seen God at any time, the only begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.”[22] This verse tells us of a God who cannot be seen, who is the Father of us all, including Yeshua, “the only begotten Son,” who obviously could be seen, and will be seen again by many of you now reading this article. You might see him in “heaven,” or it might be during the Millennial Kingdom, when Yeshua comes as King Messiah and sets up his Kingdom, where He will rule from Jerusalem. Rav Shaul tells us, “He is the image of the invisible God, the first-born of all Creation.”[23]

     Not only that, but Rav Shaul goes on to explain that Yeshua is Co-Creator with the Father: “For by Him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by Him, and for Him. And He is before all things, and by Him all things consist. And He is the head of the body, the called out ones, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things He might have the preeminence. For it pleased the Father that in Him should all fullness dwell, and through Him to reconcile all things to Himself, having made peace through the blood of his cross.”[24]

There is an interesting passage in Exodus in which Moses, Aaron, and seventy of the elders of Israel go up the mountain, “and they saw the God of Israel, and under his feet there appeared to be a pavement of sapphire, as clear as the sky itself. Yet He did not stretch out his hand against the nobles of the sons of Israel, and they beheld God and they ate and drank.”[25] The Rabbis will agree that no one can see God, yet here we have a passage in which God is seen, by 72 people, who also ate and drank, so it is obviously not a vision. It is obvious to me, at least, that these men saw the pre-incarnate Yeshua.

The very first words in the Scriptures are: B’reisheet bara Elohim et ha-shamayim v’et ha-aretz (In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth).” The word used for ‘God’ is Elohim, which curiously is a plural word, but used in conjunction with a singular verb (‘bara’). If God wanted to stress his “singularness,” He could have had it written “El” or “Eloah,” which are both singular words meaning God. I happen to believe that the plural form “Elohim” was used because Yeshua was “in the beginning” creating with the Father.

Yes, it is self-evident that Yeshua had a pre-existence with the Father, and was in fact the “angel of the LORD (YHWH)” that we have been describing.                                  


[1] Sh’mot “Names” (Exodus) 3:1.

[2] Ibid. 3:2.

[3] Jeremiah 31:35-37.

[4] Exodus 3:2.

[5] Bereisheet “In the Beginning” (Genesis 16:11-12).

[6] Ibid. 16:13.

[7] Genesis 19:24.

[8] The above items are quoted from The Chabad Times,  March 1990.

[9] Genesis 22:11-16.

[10] Yochanan (John) 10:30.

[11] In the original Hebrew, God’s name is YHWH (perhaps pronounced “Yahweh,” whereas most Bibles substitute a title for the name—“the LORD.”

[12] Judges 6:11.

[13] It is interesting to note that in all appearances of angels in the Scriptures, the angel is male. I don’t know if this means that all angels are male, but I don’t see any evidence of female angels. Maybe the female angels are all at home in the kitchen?  J

[14] Folks in the Bible fall on their faces before the Lord, not on their backs, as we see in the phenomenon called being “slain in the spirit” in Charismatic circles.. The only ones who fell on their backs were the soldiers who were sent to arrest Yeshua.

[15] Manoah recognizes that “the angel of YHWH” is “YHWH.”

[16] Judges 13:19-25.

[17] D’varim “Sayings” (Deuteronomy) 25:5.

[18] Mark 12:23.

[19] Mark 12:26-27.

[20] We can’t be sure of the pronunciation. However, most scholarship believes it should be pronounced “Yahweh” (or Yah-way).

[21] 1 Corinthians 11:3

[22] Yochanan (John) 1:18. See also 1 Tim. 6:16; 1 John 4:12.

[23] Colossians 1:16.

[24] Colossians 1:17-20a.

[25] Sh’mot (Exodus) 24:9-11.

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