ISREALS KINGS NORTH AND SOUTH

Israelite Kings Date Chart
(Based on the chronology of John Bright)

Dennis Bratcher

Good kings, in terms of religious leadership or reforms
Good political leaders, but faulted for lack of commitment to God
Especially bad kings, as either political or religious leaders, or both
Kings assassinated or deposed

Underlined names are active links to Old Testament History articles.

The United Monarchy

Dates (BC)

Kingdom of the Israelites

1020-1000

Saul

1000-961

David

961-922

Solomon

The Divided Kingdoms

Dates (BC)

Israel (Northern)

 

Judah (Southern)

Dates (BC)

922-901

Jeroboam I

 

Rehoboam

922-915

Abijah

915-913

Asa

913-873

901-900

Nadab

 

900-877

Baasha

 

877-876

Elah

 

Jehoshaphat

873-849

876

Zimri

Tibni

 

876-869

Omri

 

869-850

Ahab

 

850-849

Ahaziah

 

Jehoram

849-843

849-843

Joram (Jehoram)

 

Ahaziah

843

843-815

Jehu

 

Athaliah
(non-Davidic Queen)

843-837

815-802

Jehoahaz

 

Joash

837-800

802-786

Jehoash (Joash)

 

Amaziah

800-783

786-746

Jeroboam II

 

Uzziah (Azariah)

783-742

746-745

Zachariah

 

Jotham (co-regent)

750-742

745

Shallum

 

Jotham (king)

742-735

745-737

Menahem

 

737-736

Pekahiah

 

736-732

Pekah

 

Ahaz

735-715

732-724

Hoshea

 

721

Fall of Samaria

 
     

Hezekiah

715-687

 

Manasseh

687-642

 

Amon

642-640

 

Josiah

640-609

 

Jehoahaz

609

 

Jehoikim (Eliakim)

609-598

 

Jehoiachin (Jeconiah)

598-597

 

Zedekiah (Mattaniah)

597-587

 

Fall of Jerusalem

587

This chart is based on the chronology of John Bright (A History of Israel, 3rd edition, Westminster, 1981). There are other chronologies of the Israelite kings that differ in some details, e.g., that of J. Maxwell Miller in Harper’s Bible Dictionary.

The problem of OT chronology is complicated by various factors: 

1) some biblical numbers are symbolic or schematized;
2) variant manuscript readings differ;
3) various date references are given in different portions of Scripture;
4) little external verification to cross check dates;
5) different systems of dating;
6) problem of transferring lunar dates into solar dates;
7) different methods of figuring the regnal years of kings;
8) possibility of co-regencies of kings (we know of only one, that of Uzziah and Jotham), etc.

All of these factors make figuring a chronology of the Israelite kings much less precise than we are accustomed.

The purpose here is not to solve the historical debates but to provide a general relative time frame of Old Testament events for the purposes of biblical interpretation.  The reader should be aware that these dates are not absolute, and could change in light of new evidence.

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